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Monday, 18 July 2022

10 Interesting and Unknown Facts about SardarSarovar Dam

10 Interesting and Unknown Facts about Sardar Sarovar Dam

Sardar Sarovar Dam is built on Narmada river near Navagam in Gujarat, India. It is world's second biggest concrete gravity dam after America's Grand Coulee. Let us read some interesting and unknown facts about Sardar Sarovar Dam.

Sardar Sarovar Dam foundation stone was laid by then PM Jawaharlal Nehru since 5 April, 1961. It took 56 years to complete its construction. Four Indian States namely Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Rajasthan receive water and electricity supplied from the dam.

10 Interesting and Unknown facts about Sardar Sarovar Dam

  1. On 17 September, 2017, Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated Sardar Sarovar Dam. India's first Deputy Prime Minister Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was the creation behind the construction of Sardar Sarovar Dam across the sluice Narmada.
  2. still, in the planning stage itself, the design ran into a disagreement regarding distribution of waters among the countries. The Narmada Water disagreement Tribunal was constituted in 1969 to overcome the chain. After studying the plans about a decade the court decided on a system of water distribution that would award Madhya Pradesh by 65%, Gujarat around 32 % and remaining to Maharashtra and Rajasthan.
  3. Sardar Sarovar levee is 1.2 kilometers long and the height of the levee was increased to 138.68 metres in 2017. It is the third loftiest concrete levee in India.
  4. Around 800,000 hectares of land in Gujarat and approx 2,46,000 hectares of land in Rajasthan are rinsed by the water of levee. It is said that it provides drinking water to 131 municipalities and metropolises  and around 9,633 towelettes in the four countries.
  5. The depth of Sardar Sarovar Dam is about 163 metres and two power generation units are installed in it. Together, they have about 1,450 MW capacities to induce power.
  6. According to the terms of the design, Maharashtra is to get around 57 percent of the electricity produced; Madhya Pradesh will get around 27 percent and Gujarat around 16 percent.
  7. The construction cost of the levee is double that is it is farther than Rs. 16,000 crore. The weight of the each gate of the levee is approx 450 tonnes and takes nearly an hour to close.
  8. The position of water in the submergence area of the levee in Barwani and flow sections of Madhya Pradesh is rising steadily. According to the Narmada save strike  group, around 40,000 families in 192 towelettes in Madhya Pradesh would be dispatched when the force is filled to its optimum capacity.
  9. According to the World Bank, the project was started with very little assessment of resettlement and rehabilitation and environmental impact.
  10. The benefits of the project is that unused water from Narmada river could be used for serving many dry towns, villages and districts of Gujarat. The project provides electricity to the unsaved  regions and always  to the farmers. It always  provides water for irrigation and for drinking purpose. It provides flood protection to an area of about 30,000 hectares. Wildlife sanctuaries will always  be benefited.

So, these are the interesting and unknown facts about Sardar Sarovar Dam

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