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Saturday, 30 January 2021


Outcome-based education or outcomes-based education (OBE), also known as standards-based education, is an educational theory that bases each part of an educational system around goals (outcomes). By the end of the educational experience, each student should have achieved the goal. 

There is no single specified style of teaching or assessment in OBE; instead, classes, opportunities, and assessments should all help students achieve the specified outcomes.[1] The role of the faculty adapts into instructor, trainer, facilitator, and/or mentor based on the outcomes targeted.

A High School class in Cape Town, South Africa
Outcome-based methods have been adopted in education systems around the world, at multiple levels. Australia and South Africa adopted OBE policies in the early 1990s but have since been phased out.[2][3] The United States has had an OBE program in place since 1994 that has been adapted over the years.[4][5] In 2005, Hong Kong adopted an outcome-based approach for its universities.

[6] Malaysia implemented OBE in all of their public schools systems in 2008.[7] The European Union has proposed an education shift to focus on outcomes, across the EU.[8] In an international effort to accept OBE, The Washington Accord was created in 1989; it is an agreement to accept undergraduate engineering degrees that were obtained using OBE methods. As of 2017, the full signatories are Australia, Canada, Taiwan, Hong Kong, India, Ireland, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, Russia, Singapore, South Africa, Sri Lanka, Turkey, the United Kingdom, Pakistan, China and the United States.[9]

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